Why Is My Finger Numb? 13 Causes and Solutions for Relief

There are various reasons behind a numb finger, and sometimes it may be because of medical conditions. However, it can be cured with the help of treatment.

1. Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (Median Nerve)

Carpel Tunnel Syndrome causes numbness in the hand and makes the hand weak. The reason for this is the Median nerve which controls the nerve of our fingers and helps them move. In this, the pressure on the median nerve can increase when the patient clenches the fist or bends the wrist. And it becomes more complex with time for patients to control their nerves.

This syndrome occurs when there is pressure on the Median nerve. One should not try to cure oneself if at any point the condition becomes intolerable, you may need surgery or an injection. Because treatment by self can be dangerous for the patient.

Prolonged or frequent fist clenching (such as clenching while sleeping) can cause tingling and can also cause pressure readings. If there is any problem with the fingers, slowly move the fingers, it helps a lot to recover easily.

1.1 Symptoms:

  • Sensation in the fingers.
  • Pinky fingers rarely show any symptoms.
  • Hand trembling and trouble grasping objects.

2. Compression Neuropathy

This condition can be observed whenever our nerves are tensed because of pressure that we feels, due to which our hands become weak and we cannot even hold anything properly for more than 3 to 4 minutes. Sometimes muscle cramps can be anywhere in the body.

An old injury, thickening of the muscles, and, a Cyst growing near a nerve can put pressure on the nerve, causing this syndrome to evolve. When the muscles of our body such as the wrist, elbow, forearm, and neck are stressed, it causes numbness in the finger. Sometimes these problem turns more severe if not treated in time.

Your healthcare provider will do a variety of tests to diagnose your condition. If your condition is severe, your health provider may ask you to hold on to various objects (such as glass, books, or balls) lift something, or elevate your leg or arm. They will treat you accordingly.

2.1 Symptoms:

  • Obesity is the main reason for Compression Neuropathy.
  • An individual with severe pain needs to have surgery.
  • If not surgery, the patient may need an injection to treat the problem.

3. Peripheral Neuropathy

why is my finger numb
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Peripherals send messages with the help of the brain and spinal cord to other body parts. It acts as a communication system in the human body. As the name suggests it occurs when there is an injury to the Peripheral nerve.

Sometimes, you don’t notice symptoms very early on when peripheral neuropathy begins, and there may be no symptoms at all. Some symptoms like loss of feeling in the hands and not being able to hold anything for a long time.

Why does peripheral neuropathy happen?- There are many reasons for its occurrence and it depends on many situations, it is mostly seen in diabetic patients. It is also found that in some cases such as those who drink alcohol, as well as it is also due to some injury are dangerous in this situation.

3.1 Symptoms:

  • Numb feet.
  • Muscles not working properly.
  • You cannot hold common things properly (more than 3 or 5 minutes).

4. Fibromyalgia

Fibromyalgia is a chronic disease mostly seen in women more than men. Fibromyalgia can occur at any age in life but cases are said to occur mostly in middle age. There is no permanent cure for fibromyalgia but it can be relieved with right treatment. The risk of its occurrence is higher if you already have rheumatic diseases.

Although it is not yet known why this happens, scientists say that it happens due to pre-existing pain in the body. It runs from generation to generation, which is a genetic problem and the other reason is environmental factors also play an important role in this, as environment may effect the parson and form this disease.

Fibromyalgia pain, lethargy, and sleep problems can disrupt home life and disrupt routines. Depression and other health problems can also occur due to not being able to handle any situation well.

4.1 Symptoms:

  • Feeling tender.
  • Problem with temperature and odors.
  • Facing difficulties while making decisions.

5. Myofascial Pain Syndrome

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by Karolina Grabowska, Pexels Copyright 2020

It is seen more in people who have musculoskeletal problems. In this, the patient has a problem of pain at a particular place which is unbearable, besides this, there is more pain on the joints as well.

Myofascial Pain Syndrome can be described as both acute and chronic. Acute Myofascial Pain Syndrome is not a life-threatening condition, it can be cured with some medicines and with simple treatment. However, its prognosis is poor, and it may take 6 months or longer for symptoms to appear, which is quite slow.

It reviews the presentation of myofascial pain syndrome and emphasizes the important role of an interprofessional team in its good management that work on our body.
Identify the main etiology of myofascial that causes pain with a focus on the pathophysiology of muscle trigger points.

In Myofascial Pain Syndrome, most patients have musculoskeletal pain. MPS is a pain condition in which pain originates in the muscles and surrounding fascia.

5.1 Symptoms:

  • Muscle pain.
  • The pain gets worse and worse.
  • A tender lump in the patient’s muscle.
  • Difficulty sleeping from pain.

6. Medications

Sometimes patients taking certain types of medications, such as drugs to treat lung disease, can cause tingling in a person’s fingers. These side effects can be either temporary or permanent. it depends on the person.

However, the doctor keeps a close watch on these side effects so that there is no mistake of any kind. And do their best to make changes in the dosage of the medicine to try to manage it.

7. Raynaud’s Disease

Raynaud’s (ray-NOSE) disease occurs in any part of the body like fingers and feet. The reason for this is sometimes the cold temperature which causes the fingers to become numb and sometimes tingling also occurs.

It is caused by the narrowing of the small functional arteries that supply blood to the skin. This limits blood flow to particularly affected areas, a condition known as vasospasm.

Its symptoms appear when the blood vessels of the body become too narrow. Due to this, your blood does not reach completely in your feet and hands. And then due to reduced blood flow, the fingers become numb, cold, pale, and which causes pain.

When Raynaud’s occurs, it causes yellowing of the areas that used to be there. And then, the spots gradually change color and become colder.

Wherein, when the skin becomes warm and blood starts flowing properly, the affected area may change color again, throbbing, and tingling or swelling may occur.

7.1 Symptoms:

  • Areas turning white then blue.
  • Hot but numb, stinging or stinging pain.

8. Cubital Tunnel Syndrome

Cervical spondylosis is a condition affecting the spinal discs in the neck and is a general term for age-related wear and tear. As the discs begin to dehydrate and shrink, the symptoms of osteoarthritis develop and can be easily observed.

Including bony projections along the edges of bones (bone spurs). Cervical spondylosis is very common but if it occurs once then it can become more dangerous with age. More than 80% of people above the age of 60 are suffering from cervical spondylosis.

It has been seen in most people that there are no symptoms of cervical spondylosis. And even when symptoms do appear, non-surgical treatments are often effective. So in this situation, there is nothing to worry about.

8.1 Symptoms:

  • Tingling, numbness, and weakness in all fingers.
  • A person cannot walk comfortably.
  • The spinal cord becomes very narrow.

9. Lupus

It is a type of autoimmune disease, in which our organs become weak because our body attacks them. It also causes swelling in the body parts. Lupus can be difficult to diagnose, however, because its symptoms are not permanent (they come and go).

In some people, lupus is present at birth, and in others, it may be triggered by certain medications or excessive sun exposure. The onset of this condition usually goes through cycles of remission.

The wound turns red and becomes crusty in a short time. The most dangerous thing is that when there is a scar on the head, the hair does not grow back there.

9.1 Symptoms:

Its symptoms – In the face, both the cheeks become red like a butterfly. But this is not seen in all cases of lupus.

10. Diabetes

If a person is suffering from diabetes, there can be a risk of nerve damage as it is a possible complication of having high blood sugar levels. Because high blood sugar can prove to be very harmful to our nerves.

And these nerves stop sending messages to all the parts of the body. This proves to be one of the dangerous things in this case.

Patients may feel health problems ranging from mild numbness to pain due to nerve damage. Due to this, the person has difficulty in doing normal daily tasks. There are various symptoms in this case.

10.1 Symptoms

  • They are not of the same type, so their symptoms are also not the same.
  • These are of 4 types and the symptoms also depend on the type.

Fact- About half of people with diabetes have nerve damage.

11. Lyme Disease

why is my finger numb
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Lyme disease is caused by infection when a person comes in contact with the bacterium Borrelia Burgdorferi. This usually happens when an infected deer tick (also called a black-legged tick) bites you.

Later in the course of the disease, peripheral damage can occur from the bacteria and our immune response to them in order to defend. Due to this, a tingling or burning sensation starts in the hands and it becomes difficult for the person to stand for a long time.

People who are exposed to the bacteria that cause Lyme disease feel a burning sensation. They first develop the signs of rash-shaped bull’s-eye and flu-like symptoms, like mild fever.

Lyme disease can be treated when the patient is given antibiotic treatment. Some patients even may experience after antibiotic treatment chronic Lyme disease and require some type of treatment.

11.1 Symptoms:

  • Fever, neck, and severe headache.
  • Body weakness
  • Trouble gripping strong objects with the muscles.

12. Slipped Cervical Disc

Discs are the soft cushions in which the bones (vertebrae) of your spine begin to separate. Disruption of the structure of your spinal column will lead to disc prolapse.

Treatment can be improved with the help of proper bed rest, some medicine to reduce the pain, spinal injection for this, and physical therapy.

In most cases, people start to recover and return to their normal lives in 4-6 weeks. If symptoms continue after this, surgery may be required.

Any previous injury and heavy lifting can cause disc swelling. Aging plays an important role. Along the way, it dries up and becomes narrower. Because its outer wall may be weak.

12.1 Symptoms:

Symptoms vary according to the location and pain of herniation.

13. Ganglion Cyst

Visually, a ganglion cyst looks like a round or discolored lump or ball just below the surface of the skin. It originates on the patient’s wrist, finger, ankle, or foot. Because it is filled with fluid, it can sometimes appear translucent.

13.1 Symptoms:

The patient has a ganglion cyst and does not even know it. Sometimes there are no symptoms and if there are symptoms, the most common symptom of a ganglion cyst is a lump or mass on the wrist, hand, ankle, or foot.

14. When To See The Doctors?

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by Amornthep Srina, Pexels Copyright 2018

If you are feeling numbness anywhere in the body and it is not getting cured even after waiting for some time and trying home remedies. So you should talk to your doctor about this before it’s too late. If the fingers have remained numb after some kind of disease, then get it treated.

Ekta is an experienced writer in health-related niche, she is writing in several medical field content for health. These days she is engaged in helping people to come out of problems related to health and normal life.

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